On this page you will find the overview of all the consequential LCA examples divided into our five sections with their subheadings.
Why and when?
The functional unit
Describing product properties
Determining market boundaries
Determining product alternatives
Defining the functional unit
Determining reference flows
Determining or dependent co-products?
Only one co-product without alternatives
When all co-products have alternatives
More than one co-product without alternative production routes
When there is no market
A rapidly decreasing market
Increasing or slowly decreasing market
Resource constraints on suppliers
The special case of electricity
By-products, recycling and waste
Identifying materials for treatment
Not fully utilised by-product
Multiple determining products
Multiple determining products from combined production
Multiple determining products from joint production